Anne Frank was born 12th June 1929 in Frankfurt am Main (Germany). She was a Jewish little girl what would become later world-famous by the diary she kept up during its hiding in Amsterdam, during the second world war. Her complete name was Annelies Marie Frank. Annelies was shortened to Anne.
Anne Frank becomes defined as an intelligent little girl with a good sense of humour and a lively, bright character. She had much energy, did gladly a smattering crazily, removed jokes and laughed and talked much, but she could be also complete serious. Hitler and his followers considered all Jews as their enemy. In 1933, it was too dangerous for Anne and her family to stay in Germany and the family decided move to the Netherlands in the hope the neonazi's wouldn't make it to there. The family existed from four persons, Anne Frank, her older sister Margot Frank, father Otto Frank and mother Edith Frank. They went together to Holland, firstly Otto and Edith with Margot travelled to the Netherlands. That was in 1933. Anne remained at its granny in Germany. In 1934, also Anne, which were then still a toddler, followed. On the anniversary of Margot the parents put Anne on the table. Margot had her little sister back. The family lived in in Amsterdam, to the Merwedeplein on number 37, which was then a modern neighborhood. The Merwedeplein is situated behind the Daniel Willinkplein, what nowadays is called the Victorieplein ('victory square').
Snapshot Anne Frank. This film was shot when a neighbor of Anne got married. It was to realize the girl in the open window looking at the bride and broom is Anne Frank in this movie, many years after the war
The second world war
When Anne were eleven years young the second world war bursted open. In the Netherlands the war lasted only 5 days, then the Netherlands capitulated. Therefore the German army occupied themselves in Holland. They were now the boss in the Netherlands and there changed a lot. Because the hated the German was tought to have for Jewish people, entirely much changed for the Jewish people living in the Netherland. The family Franc firstly tried to just go on with their life, lwhereas there more and more dreadful rules came, especially for Jewish people. Jews could no longer swim and no longer cycle and visit no parks, theatres or other places. Jews weren't allowed to many things. Jews weren't allowed to sit on chairs in busses, train or tram, and children weren't allowed to visit ordinary schools and they were no longer allowed to go to the movies, no cars driving, they weren't welcome anymore in ordinary shops, etc. Living became very hard for Jewish people and also always more and more dangerous every day. Jews had to carry a so-called Star of David, this was a rule made by the Germans, (a Star of David, a mark which had to be showed well visible on clothing) so that everyone could see that they were Jewish. It was also a way to make it easier to arrest Jewish people in the streets. Anne were firstly proud on the ASTRE, she was proudly for being Jewish and probable her was also taught by her parents that the Jewish ASTRE was a symbol effective and proud, but soon she discovered that carrying the ASTRE had many disadvantages. People who had symphatics for the idea of neonazi's and a therefore hated the Jews, scolded Jews or Jews were beaten, assassinated or taken up arrest and put to jail or trans[orted to camps.
** Anne Frank, goes into hiding
When Anne was thirteen and her sister Margot sixteen, there arived a recall for Margot by mail. She was only 16, but she had to work in a labour camp for the German. Ottop end Edith knew this would mean that the chance was huge that Margo would die in a camp and that they would never see their daugjter again. Now the family had but little choice than to hid. They had to escape or hide. They decided it was now the time to give up the remains of their freedom, and hid. As Margot would not showup for the recall, she would also be arrested. Above the office of the company Opekta at the Prinsengracht 263 in Amsterdam, where Otto Frank had been the general manager, was a rise space and behind that rise space was a complete appartement of three floors. It had been used as a laboratory. It was a outhouse, where in fact never someone came. The house was suitable for hiding because it had no regular neighbours, the office was downstairs and during daytime open for employees, which was a risk. But on the left and Right of the outhouse two other companies were settled. After working hours there were therefore generally no people. During daytime on office days, the families had to be as quiet as possible of course. The hiding people could be heared by the employees in the office, and captured by even coughin, walking or or laughing. Also impregnate the wc had been by day prohibited. Briefly after Margot had had the recall the family went into hiding secretly in the outhouse above the office of Opekta. Anne was then thirteen years and she began hiding at 6 July 1942. More later schreef Anne in her diary that they gone to had drawn as much clothing layers. Jews could not walk over streets of Amsterdam with a suitcase in their hands, which was much too suspected and much too dangerous. Anne had to leave her young kitten Moortje on the Merwedeplein behind, and she had grieves of it. Fortunately the neighbours ensured the kitten.
The outhouse where Anne Frank stayed into hiding
Between the voorhuis (front of the house) and the outhouse was just a door. Later an office cupboard was nailed against the door so that the door was no longer visable. The cupboard had been built on top of the door, so that exactly seemed or there was nothing behind it, only a stone wall. Some staff members knew that Otto Frank and his family had gone into hiding in pawn and they helped the family to food and stuff. They cooperated in the office. Anne and her family were not the only people which sat gone into hiding in the outhouse. There also a another family could go into hiding, the family Van Pels. That family existed from three persons, father, mother and son Peter van Pels. After some time another Jew joined the families, a dentist named Fritz Pfeffer. In the diary Anne named them in a second version of the diary, diferently, because she had plans to publish the diary after the war. She named the family Van pels family Van Daan and she named dentist Pfeffer, mister Dussel.
Anne Frank's had to share her room in the outhouse with the dentist.
On a young age Anne already knew knew she wanted to become a writer. She was a huge fan of the books of Dutch writer Sissy van Marxveld. (It is my personal idea that Anne was possibly in some way fluenced by the stories of van Marxsveld. In the books van Marxveld always writes letters to a friend, the same Anne does in her Diary with dear Kitty…)
Anne Frank, her diary
Anne loved writing She kept up her diary in the outhouse. She gave specifications of living in the outhouse and behaviour of people who had live this way, with no chance to escapte to freedom. She described the brawls, the argues about little things, the hunger and she wrote concerning its feelings for her father and she wrote abouth the development of an little girl to a young woman. Anne Frank was maybe just a little girl, but in her diary so open minded, zo cute, so honest, so smart, and as a result of her situation and spirit, she was both common and unique at the same time. The diaries have been well written and frequently also with humour and that she has brio for letter is in fact, however, clear, but also the situation where she was concerning writing is of course exceptional. She wrote her diaries from within a bizarre situation, such as a hiding victim of neonazi's, in the heart of a war and hate and creuwlty terrorised Europe. She addressed letters to an invented girlfriend, named Kitty. From the first day her diary makes clear how cutting her fresh character blooms of hope and hunger to live, compared to the meaningless hatred of the followers instigated by Hitler, the neonazi's. A youngster which undergoes all developments that each youngster experiences, but this little girl hides between four walls and she is considered as an enemy of an agressor and she lives each day in fright to be discovered by grown up men that can kill her every day. That fear becomes the hard truth if the hiders are discovered by someone who probably pockets money to betray their hiding place to the Germans. There were some employees who had figured out that there were probably hiding jews above the office, a cleaning woman or a store employee is possibly the cause of treason.
Anne Frank, treasons
On 4 augusts 1944 the Germans did an irruption in the outhouse and all hiding people were arrested and were carried away. The war was almost beyond and the end of the bezetting in the Netherlands was also in visibility. For this reason also the hiding people had high hope of surviving the war, however. Unfortunately this ran differently. All people of the outhouse died, except Otto Frank. He was some which returned from the concentration camp. Anne and Margot had arrived in the camp Bergen Belsen. This was no destruction camp but there was an enormously suffering. People suffered from sicknesses, parasites and hunger. There typhoid fever dominated. Everywhere people died. Because the war ran on its end the administration in the camp was no longer well kept up. It has been only confessed that Margot died firstly, somewhere between by the end of February and mid May. Anne died a few days later, she died believing that also both her parents had died. She did not yield of the dead body of her dead sister. Anne did not know that her father, whom she loved so seeply, was still alive. Anne' s strong, living character was eventually broken by the horrors and her body had been exhausted by typhus and hunger. She died of typhus beginning March 1945. Both Anne and Margot were buried in a mass sepulchre.
The Diary of Anne Frank, how did it became so famous?
The diary of Anne Frank had been saved by Miep Gies, who also had fed and helped the hiding families during the war. She was first arested for helping thjem but she survived her punishment. Before her arest she had seen a chance to safe Anne diary.
When Otto Franc returned from the camp, and it was confessed that its complete family was dead, Miep gave him the day books of Anne. Everyone was very under the impression of the impressive day book. It was spent and appeared in millions of copies worldwide. The diary of Anne Frank has in the world become one of the most famous books ever.
This article was translated from Dutch to English. It isn't translated perfectly, please forgive. It was translated with permission of the author.
See her an interview with Otto Frank when he was still alive
- The Anne Frank huis. The Anne Frank House): this is the outhouse where Anne and its family gone into hiding. It is now a museum where annually thousands of people come look at.
- The Anne Franktree is the chestnut tree which could be seen by Anne. She wrote about the tree sometimes. It was standing in the backgarden of the hiding adres.
- The Merwedeplein 37, 2th floor: is the house in which the family Franc lived before they went into hiding. It has repaired into the old original state and it is now a house for writers who temporarily come to live in the Netherlands. It are writers that aren't free to write in their own country. The writers live up to a year in the house and then another writer enters the house.